4. He can take steps to reduce the risk
If your man chooses to actively survey his disease he will have to see his GP very regularly and get his PSA checked. If a rapid increase is found he will undergo a biopsy. On the biopsy his cells will be examined and a Gleason score is calculated. A score of above 6 is indicative of surgical intervention.
There are several ways to reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer. Eating a low fat diet, eating less dairy and drinking less alcohol are some ways shown by various studies that may reduce the risk for prostate cancer.
And to bust all the rumors- having more sex isn’t a risk factor for developing prostate cancer, nor is getting a vasectomy. Both these myths have been disproved by studies published recently.
Prostate cancer has a very good prognosis and is rarely a cause of worry. If a man you know has some of the symptoms described, he is more likely to be suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia, which is a relatively benign condition that is much more common. Your GP will be able to differentiate the types by a PSA test and a digital rectal examination (DRE).