9. Geographic Tongue
Often, when some patches of the tongue lose their tiny bumps, it creates a disarranged appearance of raised and lowered spots, creating a map-like structure on your tongue. These spots can alter their patterns, sizes and location within hours, and in some cases, minutes.
However, it is important to know that a map-like tongue is a harmless condition and will disappear or reappear on its own. It doesn’t typically require a treatment, but if you are experiencing pain, you can choose some over-the-counter pain killers or anti-inflammatory drugs to ease the pain.
10. Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome
The temporomandibular joint syndrome, more commonly known as TMJ, is a jaw-related condition that can trigger severe pain in your jaw, neck, ear or face. The TMJ syndrome can be caused by excessive tooth grinding, mouth clenching and injuries, amongst other causes.
However, its symptoms typically remain the same, including severe pain, swallowing troubles, headaches, and dizziness. Dentists commonly recommend a mouth guard, moist heat exposure, rest and medication, however, in certain cases, a surgery can be recommended as well.
11. Black Hairy Tongue
A painless oral problem that develops when the small bumps on the tongue grow to become longer. These longer bumps entrap bacteria living within your mouth, causing the tongue to become hairy and black. This condition is triggered by multiple common causes, including lack of proper dental hygiene, excessive smoking, using antibiotics, consuming excessive amounts of coffee or tea, and not generating sufficient amounts of saliva.
This condition can be effectively treated by rigorously brushing your tongue with a tongue scraper, however, dentists also prescribe some medicines to eliminate the bacteria.